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Creating a garden with a watering system

Creating an orchard from scratch requires a balanced approach in order to provide optimal conditions for the growth of trees and maximum fertility. Proper planning of the garden is the key to a large crop and rational use of water resources for watering trees. Therefore, before planting seedlings, it is necessary to study the features of the soil, the terrain, and properly design the irrigation system.

Choosing the territory and preparing the soil for planting

Preparing a seat is a key factor in creating an orchard. It is desirable to choose a flat area or with a slight inclination of several degrees. However, an excessively steep slope should be avoided, since in this case the moisture will not hold for long in the soil and will quickly go down the slope. planning under the young plantings.For the rapid organization of such work, you should initially cut the trees to stumps, and then cultivate. In this case, it is desirable to use equipment (excavator or bulldozer), with the help of which the soil is then planned and leveled for new crops.
Creating a garden with an irrigation system
Thus, preparing the soil for planting includes the following items: 1) cultivation of old plantations; 2) perepashka land and surface planning; 3) preventing soil from being weeded; 4) mulching and fertilizing the soil; 5) marking the area for mounting the irrigation system. To prevent abundant weed growth, use agrofiber, which the whole area of ​​the garden is covered, either directly with the future seedlings. This will provide reliable protection of the soil from the weed until the planting of young trees. Agrofibre can be laid out immediately after plowing and leveling the soil, when weed has not yet begun to break through. Further, before planting seedlings, holes are made in it, ensuring unhindered growth of the youngplanting.Creating a garden with an irrigation system
As an alternative to agrofibre, you can mulch the soil with organic matter. It will be a more economical means of protection against weed, as well as provide additional fertilizer. For organic mulching, it is best to use straw that will retain moisture and prevent the soil from drying out and cracking. It is desirable to distribute the straw throughout the future garden, but it can also be laid out in rows in the places where the trees are supposed to be planted.Creating a garden with irrigation system The marking of the territory and the determination of the landing sites should be made taking into account the space sufficient for the spacious growth of the seedlings and the crown of an adult tree. Also consider the place for laying the irrigation system between the rows. For exact observance of equal intervals it is recommended to pull the thread on the stakes driven into the ground. At certain intervals, a pit is dug for a young seedling, the size of which is on average 30x30 centimeters,and the depth is within the length of the spade bayonet.
Creating a garden with an irrigation system

Features of mounting a garden irrigation system

Designing a garden irrigation system should begin with choosing the size of the water storage container. The use of such capacity is necessary in cases of absence nearby or significant removal from natural reservoirs. The volume of the water tank depends on various factors and is determined by the size of the future garden, the number of trees and the frequency of watering. As a rule, for ten hundred square meters of the garden, ten cubic tanks are enough, which can be a metal tank.
Creating a garden with an irrigation system
To install the irrigation system you will need:
  • - a plastic hose of 30 mm diameter;
  • - emitter tape of drip irrigation;
  • - fine and coarse filters;
  • - mini taps for drip irrigation;
  • - a set of fittings, droppers and seals.
The water tank is installed at the highest point of the territory on a solid foundation, in the role of which concrete blocks can act.A watering plastic hose is attached to the tap located at the base of the water tank. The most common diameter is 30 mm, which is optimal for organizing drip irrigation.
Creating a garden with irrigation system
It is also necessary to install two purification filters that will purify water from the tank and prevent plugging emitters with small debris. In the course of the water from the tank, a coarse cleaning filter is first installed, followed by a fine filter.
Creating a garden with irrigation system
The watering hose from the water tank stretches perpendicular to the rows of seedlings along the entire garden. At certain intervals equal to the spacing between the rows, mini taps are cut into the hose for drip irrigation, to which the emitter tapes will then be connected. Each row of trees or shrubs must have at least one tap for irrigation.
Creating a garden with an irrigation system
Drip irrigation tapes have built-in emitters with a certain step, for example, 25 centimeters, which is ideal for watering shrubs, raspberries, strawberries, melon fields and other things.Tapes are connected to mini cranes embedded in a common hose and are pulled along the landing rows.
Creating a garden with irrigation system
For irrigation of fruit trees, in contrast to shrubs, it is better to use a plastic hose. In it, you can make a hole and insert a dropper in a specific place (next to the seedlings), which will ensure an economical flow of water. Creating a garden with irrigation system The edge of the emitter belt is tied to a knot to hold water in the system, and the plastic hose is sealed with special plugs from the end. Thus, an effective irrigation system is fully operational. This drip irrigation will rationally use water and provide the garden with the necessary amount of water. [/L_REPEAT]

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