Creating a garden with a watering system
Creating an orchard from scratch requires a balanced approach in order to provide optimal conditions for the growth of trees and maximum fertility. Proper planning of the garden is the key to a large crop and rational use of water resources for watering trees. Therefore, before planting seedlings, it is necessary to study the features of the soil, the terrain, and properly design the irrigation system.Thus, preparing the soil for planting includes the following items: 1) cultivation of old plantations; 2) perepashka land and surface planning; 3) preventing soil from being weeded; 4) mulching and fertilizing the soil; 5) marking the area for mounting the irrigation system. To prevent abundant weed growth, use agrofiber, which the whole area of the garden is covered, either directly with the future seedlings. This will provide reliable protection of the soil from the weed until the planting of young trees. Agrofibre can be laid out immediately after plowing and leveling the soil, when weed has not yet begun to break through. Further, before planting seedlings, holes are made in it, ensuring unhindered growth of the youngplanting.As an alternative to agrofibre, you can mulch the soil with organic matter. It will be a more economical means of protection against weed, as well as provide additional fertilizer. For organic mulching, it is best to use straw that will retain moisture and prevent the soil from drying out and cracking. It is desirable to distribute the straw throughout the future garden, but it can also be laid out in rows in the places where the trees are supposed to be planted. The marking of the territory and the determination of the landing sites should be made taking into account the space sufficient for the spacious growth of the seedlings and the crown of an adult tree. Also consider the place for laying the irrigation system between the rows. For exact observance of equal intervals it is recommended to pull the thread on the stakes driven into the ground. At certain intervals, a pit is dug for a young seedling, the size of which is on average 30x30 centimeters,and the depth is within the length of the spade bayonet.
Choosing the territory and preparing the soil for plantingPreparing a seat is a key factor in creating an orchard. It is desirable to choose a flat area or with a slight inclination of several degrees. However, an excessively steep slope should be avoided, since in this case the moisture will not hold for long in the soil and will quickly go down the slope. planning under the young plantings.For the rapid organization of such work, you should initially cut the trees to stumps, and then cultivate. In this case, it is desirable to use equipment (excavator or bulldozer), with the help of which the soil is then planned and leveled for new crops.
Features of mounting a garden irrigation systemDesigning a garden irrigation system should begin with choosing the size of the water storage container. The use of such capacity is necessary in cases of absence nearby or significant removal from natural reservoirs. The volume of the water tank depends on various factors and is determined by the size of the future garden, the number of trees and the frequency of watering. As a rule, for ten hundred square meters of the garden, ten cubic tanks are enough, which can be a metal tank.
- - a plastic hose of 30 mm diameter;
- - emitter tape of drip irrigation;
- - fine and coarse filters;
- - mini taps for drip irrigation;
- - a set of fittings, droppers and seals.
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