How to do artificial respiration?
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Artificial respiration is necessary in order to provide the necessary natural gas exchange in the human body, during which the blood is saturated with oxygen and released from carbon dioxide. In order to help the injured in an emergency, you need to know how to properly perform artificial respiration.
To begin with, before doing artificial respiration, you need to quickly perform the following steps:
- release a person from clothes that hamper breathing - untie a tie, unbutton the collar, unbutton the waistband of the trousers.
- put the victim on a flat horizontal surface, suitable floor, table surface, etc.
- as far as possible to throw the victim's head as much as possible. To do this, put one hand under the back of the head, and press the other on the forehead until the chin is at the same level with the neck. It is in this position that the tongue does not prevent the passage of air into the lungs, and the mouth is in the open position.In order to maintain such a position of a person, he needs to put some roller under the shoulder blades, a bundle of any clothes will do.
- Before starting artificial respiration, it is necessary to examine the oral cavity. In case of detection of foreign objects, or dentures - remove them. If there is mucus or blood in the mouth, the victim�s shoulders and head are turned to the side and with the help of a piece of tissue wound on a finger, the cavity of the throat and mouth is cleaned. After that, the head must be returned to its original state as much as possible by throwing it back and performing artificial respiration.
Training should be followed by artificial respiration. The assisting person takes a deep breath and, with a force, rather sharply exhales the air into the victim's mouth. At the same time, his nose must be clamped by hand or fingers. When carrying out artificial respiration it is very important that the mouth of the person providing assistance completely covers the mouth of the victim.
After blowing air, the person must lie back to take a new breath, while freeing the victim's mouth and nose. At this point, the affected person�s chest will descend, which will produce an involuntary passive exhalation.
Artificial respiration for small children is performed both in the mouth and in the nose at the same time. At the same time, the person providing care should cover the mouth of both these organs of the affected child.
Artificial respiration for an adult should be done at an interval of 5-6 seconds after blowing. For a child, the interval is 3-4 seconds, but the volume of blown air should be less than for an adult.
- If, during artificial respiration, the chest of the injured is not cracked, this indicates that the respiratory tract is not passing. In this case, you need the lower jaw of the victim forward. This can be done if the assisting person places four fingers of each hand behind the corners of the lower jaw, rests his thumb on its edge and pushes the jaw forward. In this position, the teeth of the lower jaw should be in front of the upper.
- If for some reason it is not possible to open the victim's mouth, then you need to use other methods of artificial respiration, the most convenient of them "mouth to nose". It is done according to the principle of ordinary artificial respiration, but at the same time the victim�s mouth closes.
- Artificial respiration must be performed before the beginning of the emergence of independent deep rhythmic breathing.
- For the best airway of the victim, the following conditions must be met:
- keep your head back as far as possible
- open mouth
- push the lower jaw forward.
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