How to embroider?
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Embroidery is called any method of applying the pattern on the fabric with the help of thread and needle. The history of this wonderful type of arts and crafts goes back far beyond one century, and each nation developed its own embroidery school.
Therefore, in our time there is a huge variety of techniques of how to embroider. The surface can be different: shadow, dense with flooring, simple surface, light without flooring, slit, satin and others. I propose to consider a technique called “simple smooth surface”, as it is suitable for any fabric, it looks very impressive and does not require the study of complex stitches. So let's start the preparatory work.
The basic principles of embroidery satin
First we need to transfer the pattern to the selected fabric. There are several ways. The first is to draw a contour drawing on the canvas. The second is using copy paper. We put on the fabric copy paper, on top - drawing, fasten so that they do not move out, with the help of magnets, pins and other means and translate with a pencil or pen. The third way - with the help of glass and lamps.On a horizontal glass (for example, a glass table) we place a picture, put a cloth on top and, lighting the lamp below, transfer our pattern to a cloth.
Need to embroider on stretchers or hoops. They can be purchased in specialized stores. The fabric should be very well stretched. This is a very important point in embroidery by any kind of smooth surface. If the fabric is loosely stretched, then under embroidery it may begin to bulge, and this is noticeable at the end of work, when removed from the hoop. To correct this deficiency is usually not possible. Needles are better to use thin ones: the thinner the needle is, the less footprint it leaves behind, and the stitch lays neater. For embroidery by satin, they usually use floss or artificial silk.
Now let's talk more about how to embroider the “simple surface”. A simple surface is an embroidery in which the pattern is filled with parallel stitches pressed tightly to each other. The size and direction of stitches can vary, depending on the motive that they fill. The main thing is to keep stitches parallel when stitching one item.
The simple surface is two-sided: the front and wrong sides are the same. Therefore, all the ends of the working thread extremely carefully hidden under the stitches. The knots for fixing the threads are not tied; instead, on the front side of the embroidered element, we sew several stitches “forward needle” and pull the thread so that its end is in the fabric. Doing this, we begin to embroider. The sewn stitches will cover the end of the thread.
Having fastened the thread, we perform rows of neat straight stitches, tightly pressing them together. Stitches should not go beyond the contour of the pattern. To do this, pierce the fabric with a needle clearly along the contour at a right angle. Having finished embroidering one element, the end of the thread can be fixed on the nearest friend. Now that the basic principle of embroidery has already been studied, I propose to get acquainted with some other techniques.
How to embroider? The stalked suture is one of the oldest. It consists of oblique stitches pressed tightly to each other. Despite the fact that the stalked seam is contour, it is also widely used in the artistic surface: due to its plasticity, it can fill in irregularly shaped parts.
Having made the first stitch, from the inside out we remove the needle in the center of the first stitch and make the second stitch. We remove the needle from the inside out clearly in the end of the first stitch. It is necessary to make sure that the needle, going from the wrong side to the face, bends around the already laid stitches either only on the left, or only on the right. Ideally, the stalked seam has the appearance of a twisted string.
String of stitches
After securing the thread from the inside, we put it on the front side of the loop over the fabric. Then we insert the needle from the front side clearly into the puncture from which our thread comes out, and draw it to the front side, indicating the end of the future loop. We pull the thread. Again we put it in the form of a loop and make a puncture in the place where the thread came out. Withdraw the needle, denoting the end of the loop. The length of the eyelets should be the same.
The counting surface is one of the most ancient embroidery techniques. A characteristic feature of the counting surface is that the embroidery is carried out strictly according to the count of the threads of the fabric being decorated with parallel stitches. There are oblique and straight countable smooth surface. In straight stitches are placed along the thread of the decorated fabric horizontally or vertically, and in the slant - respectively, with a different inclination.
To make it easier for you to practice, I recommend that you watch the video on how to embroider.
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