How to introduce a baby food?
Nutrition is the introduction to the diet of an infant more calorie and concentrated food, which in its physico-chemical and taste properties is very different from mother's milk or replacing it with adapted infant formula. Gradual introduction of baby food is prepared to replace breast feeding with regular food.
Naturally, any mom has a question about when and most importantly, how to introduce complementary foods. Infants in the first four months of life should be fed only with breast milk or adapted milk formulas. This is due to the peculiarities of the digestion of the baby. At this age, the baby’s gastric juice contains a large amount of disaciridase (an enzyme necessary for the breakdown of lactose in breast milk) and contains almost no enzymes that can break down carbohydrates of foreign food.
In addition, in children in the first months of life, if solid food gets into the mouth, its reflex is ejected by the tongue out.Therefore, feeding of infants in infants should be made only after the persistent disappearance of this reflex, which indicates that the child’s digestive system is already able to take more dense food, and most importantly, digest it.
Introducing all the above, the first feeding the child should be at the age of not less than four months. And on the recommendation of the WHO, the first lure can be introduced only after the child is half a year old.
How to properly feed the baby
At 4-6 months of life in an infant, the need for carbohydrates, proteins, fats, fatty acids, microelements and vitamins begins to increase. This growing need for him cannot be fully covered only by breast milk. In addition, in the child, the salivary glands begin to function fairly well and all the prerequisites are created for the beginning of the introduction of thick foods into the diet, learning to chew.
Introducing baby foods need in a timely manner. Its early introduction can lead to digestive disorders (diarrhea, vomiting, bloating). And the long refusal of the introduction of complementary foods is often the cause of the development of growth retardation, hypovitaminosis,iron deficiency anemia.
In order to properly enter the baby food, follow a few important rules:
- The new product is introduced into the diet of the child gradually. Usually they begin to give 1 teaspoon (5g.) And gradually, over a period of 7 to 10 days, increase the volume to a complete replacement with a single product of one breastfeeding.
- Never give your child several new products at the same time. This can cause digestive disorders. In addition, if the baby has an allergy, then you will not know exactly what product it was caused.
- The first lure should be soft puree-like consistency. The transition to more solid food should be carried out slowly and gradually, taking into account the age of the child.
- For feeding, it is best, especially in children of the first year of life, to use mashed potatoes and cereals specially produced by the industry. If you prepare your own food, you must be confident in the quality of the original products, as well as to observe absolute purity at the time of preparation.
How to introduce baby foods: mashed potatoes
Best of all, if the mother chooses vegetable puree as a first meal.Vegetables will provide a rapidly growing body of the child with vitamins and microelements that are so necessary for him. First, the puree should consist of only one vegetable, for example, from the zucchini. Then other vegetables are gradually introduced into it (broccoli, pumpkin, cauliflower and white cabbage, potatoes, etc.). The introduction of new types of vegetables in mashed potatoes should be gradual. In this case, the mother should monitor the child's tolerance of new products (rash or redness of the skin, loose stools, regurgitation). Gradually, vegetable puree completely replace one breastfeeding. And its volume per feeding is adjusted to 140.0 - 160.0 g.
How to properly enter the baby feeding: porridge
Children of the first half of life should not be given porridge with a high content of gluten (gluten), which is a vegetable protein. This is again due to the peculiarities of the child's digestion. At this age, in their gastric juice, very little peptidase enzyme and high gluten porridge will lead to a baby bloating, intestinal colic, increased regurgitation.
It is best to put porridge in the child’s diet in the following sequence:
- At the age of 5 to 7 months: corn, buckwheat and rice porridge;
- At the age of 7 to 8 months oatmeal is added;
- At the age of 9 months and older, porridges are gradually introduced from other grains.
How to introduce baby food: fruit puree
For the first meal you can choose fruit puree. It is best to use apple or pear. You should not give children puree of strawberries, raspberries, currants, citrus. In the first half of the year, the volume of fruit puree should not exceed 60.0 ml., And at an older age - 150.0 ml.
After the above-mentioned types of complementary foods are introduced into the child’s diet, the following products are gradually introduced: baby cottage cheese, baby milk or kefir, meat puree, egg yolk, baby cookies.
Introducing baby food should be so that by the year he had breakfast porridge, in the afternoon received vegetable or meat and vegetable puree. At noon it will be possible to offer him cottage cheese with fruit puree and cookies, but the child’s dinner will consist of breast milk.
With this approach to the introduction of complementary foods, the mother will be able to maintain breastfeeding until the child is one and a half, or better yet, two years old.At this age for the baby mother's milk is very important. After all, it protects the baby from many infectious and allergic diseases, prevents the occurrence of digestive disorders, etc.
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