How to make an aquarium with your own hands, cutting glass, gluing, strengthening
Preparing to cut glass for aquarium
Of course, it is better to order that you cut pieces of glass according to the given sizes, but you can completely cut them yourself with the help of a ruler and glass cutter. Also, you will need the skin for stripping the edges and ... training.
First tamp your hand on a thin glass - 3-5 mm thick. We recommend to do everything in gloves. Cover the work surface with a carpet to dampen the vibration that will be created by cutting. Cut in accordance with the following formulas.
- Rear and front walls = (height of the aquarium) x (length of the aquarium);
- Sidewalls = (aquarium height) x [aquarium width - 2 (adhesive layer thickness + glass thickness)];
- Bottom = [aquarium length - 2 (adhesive layer thickness + glass thickness)] x [aquarium width - 2 (adhesive layer thickness + glass thickness).
If the glass is not thicker than 7 mm, then the thickness of the adhesive layer should be equal to 1 mm, and if it is thicker than 7 mm, then it should be 1.5 mm.
Glass mode for the aquarium
The line, which is carried out by a glass cutter, must be continuous and even, otherwise the edge will become jagged. To facilitate the operation, you must first moisten the glass with petroleum jelly - this will give stability to your instrument. To cut a line of the desired depth, consider its thickness. When it is ready, it is necessary to put a planochka triangular in cross section under it and press on either side of the wedge. More precisely, we must sharply bump, so that the glass is cut evenly. Then sand the sharp edges of the slices, otherwise you can easily cut yourself in the process of further work.
How to glue the aquarium correctly
You will need a sealant to properly glue the aquarium with your own hands. Sealant is a one-component hundred percent silicone adhesive acetate group, which is made on the basis of acetic acid. Choosing a sealant in the total mass of the same product, you must make sure that the composition of the adhesive contains one hundred percent silicone. It is also important to check whether it will bring harm to living organisms, as there are sealants that are made specifically to fight bacteria ("sanitary", antifungal sealants).
In order to alleviate the painful selection process, we recommend that you pay attention to the following sealant grades. Perhaps the best of all is Dow Corning 788 (or its equivalent 881), but it is expensive, so sealants like Dow Corning 911, Teosil A akvariolaatu, Kleiberit Suprasil 590E, Chemlux 9011 (its analog 9013), Soudal Silirub Aq are also suitable. , Paso.
Before you glue the glass do not forget how to wipe them with acetone. In addition, for the assembly you will need support churbachki
When the above-described pieces of glass are ready, surround the bottom with sidewalls, the back and front wall, connecting them to the ends. Be sure to prepare a stable, clean and flat work surface, covering it with a sheet of paper. Carefully wipe the glasses with acetone so that they are degreased - so the glue will catch well. Do not squeeze the surfaces to be bonded with your fingers. Keep in mind that such chemicals are highly toxic, so always ventilate the workplace.
Lubricate the rear end of the bottom with glue, placing it on the paper. Press the rear wall to the bottom and fix it with a chump at an angle of 800. Then you need to spread the glue on the side end of the bottom and press one of the sidewalls to it. Smear its back end with glue and gently press the back wall against it.Smear the second side end of the bottom with glue and the second side wall back end; press it against the back wall and bottom. Now it only remains to glue the front wall of your aquarium to the 3 ends (sides and bottom). Now we go to the next stage of our article "How to make an aquarium with your own hands."
Adjusting the glass after gluing the aquarium
After you have glued the glass of your future aquarium, you need to fix its edges with adhesive tape until the sealant is completely dry.
If in the seams you sweep bubbles, then get rid of them by injection of glue. Remove its excess with a scraper. To glue to the glass no longer pestered, you need to use a dishwashing detergent. As a result, you will get clean even seams. Protruding glue just smooth out with your fingers. Although it is not so aesthetic, but it will add strength. Or align dried seams with a razor. A medium-sized aquarium should dry for 24 to 30 hours after gluing, after which it can be moved. After another three days, pour water into it - just be sure to choose a place where leaks are not dangerous.
How to strengthen the aquarium
If the aquarium is very high or voluminous, it must be strengthened with additional details - ribs and ties. Ties - strips of glass, whose width is 15 - 20 cm. They connect the upper edges of the back and front walls. The ribs are made of glass strips 5 cm wide, which are glued together with the ends to the walls so that they do not bend under the action of water. They must be glued before assembly, and the ties are attached at the final stage. They can be connected to the ribs. The glasses also support the cross-pieces that cover the aquarium, so for those you do not need to create special props.
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