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How to treat poisoning?

Food poisoning is of two types: bacterial and non-bacterial. Bacterial poisoning is caused by germs from the group of intestinal sticks and salmonella, mainly found in meat products and eggs (goose, duck).

The second happens because of the fault:

How to treat food poisoning

The first questions in case of poisoning, how to treat and how to treat. On this account, there are recommendations of physicians. If you have determined that it was the poisoning that occurred, then you should immediately begin treatment.

Gastric lavage

When poisonous toxins get into the stomach, they begin to be absorbed into the blood, so you need to stop this process and clean it up. To do this, you should prepare 1.5-2 liters of a weak solution of potassium permanganate (potassium permanganate) or baking soda and drink in full. After you need to induce vomiting (for this, press the root of the tongue with two fingers). Wash the stomach in this way until the "clean water".

If nausea and vomiting appear spontaneously, then you need to drink plenty of fluids to clear the stomach and prevent dehydration.As a drink, you should choose ordinary water or special pharmaceutical preparations that promote the restoration of water-salt metabolism, for example, “Regidron”.

In severe cases of intoxication, with prolonged and severe vomiting, with pain, fever and general deterioration of the condition, the patient should be immediately hospitalized.

Medicines

At the first signs of poisoning, if there is no nausea and vomiting, you can take the following medications:

  • Activated carbon. It is required to take all 10 tablets from the pack at once. The drug adsorbs toxins and removes them from the body;
  • Enterosgel, Smekta, Polysorb. These drugs correct dysbacteriosis, absorb and eliminate toxic substances, and also restore the mucous membrane;
  • "No-shpa." It will help relieve spasms of intestinal colic;
  • "Intrix" or "Entoban." The first assistants in intestinal intoxication, the culprit of which is E. coli. This bactericidal drug quickly copes with microorganisms, but has contraindications: it cannot be applied to children and pregnant women;
  • "Linex".If the intestinal microflora is disturbed, which is often observed in cases of poisoning, it can be restored by taking this drug. In its composition, this drug contains bifidobacteria, lactobacilli, enterococcus.

All these methods are effective in situations of intoxication of the body of weak and moderate severity, when you can cope on your own or help the injured before the arrival of an ambulance. In all other cases, a person is urgently taken to hospital under the supervision of doctors, especially when there are signs of severe poisoning:

  • profuse vomiting;
  • loose stools with mucus and even blood;
  • pressure increase;
  • rapid pulse;
  • dizziness;
  • double vision;
  • heat;
  • chills;
  • loss of consciousness, etc.

How to treat poisoning

The child has

Treatment in children is complicated by the fact that not all methods of first aid in case of poisoning are applicable to them. Small children (3–5 years old) are simply not capable of vomiting; they are given a gastric lavage exclusively in the hospital with a probe.

If the child has spontaneous vomiting, then you need to follow that he is not choked.You need to put him on his lap, bow the child's head down over the basin (samples of vomitus will help determine the toxin).

If the age of the child allows you to wash his stomach, or cleansing occurred independently, to reduce the concentration of toxins in the body, you can give him chelators in a strictly prescribed dosage. It is better if it is a suspension, if the tablets - they must be crushed.

It is important to give plenty of fluids to the baby. Water a little, but often, preferably every 10-15 minutes. All these measures are aimed at alleviating the condition of the child before the arrival of an ambulance or pediatric doctor, to whom the baby should be shown in any case.

When the child feels better and his appetite returns, he needs to be fed in small portions, liquid or semi-liquid food. The diet of the first day in volume is half the daily norm, and a single portion does not exceed 50 ml. This topic is described in more detail in the article What is in poisoning.

Have a pregnant woman

If the poisoning occurred during pregnancy, the woman should see a doctor, because her condition may worsen, which will adversely affect the fetus.As a first aid, you can apply the methods here as in the treatment of poisoning in children. However, the risks to a pregnant woman are too great to self-medicate:

  • cramps during vomiting can cause miscarriage;
  • toxins through the blood to get to the fetus;
  • taking medication without the knowledge of the attending physician is contraindicated.

The best thing a pregnant woman can do is seek help from a medical facility.

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