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Types of materials for carpets and their characteristics

Types of materials for carpets and their characteristicsIn the manufacture of carpets using natural, synthetic or mixed fibers. Which material is better depends on the place where the carpet will be used. It takes into account the humidity of the room, the temperature, the interior.

Each fiber has its own set of qualities, according to which it is easy to choose the ideal variant for specific conditions.


Synthetic material, durable, wear-resistant. Acrylic carpet due to soft pile is called artificial wool. It is hypoallergenic and unattractive for moths, unlike natural wool. The use of special impregnation prevents the appearance of mold on it.

Pros of acrylic carpets:

  • a variety of bright colors;
  • resistant paint on the carpet does not fade;
  • low cost;
  • easy to clean;
  • keep the heat well.


  • pellets are formed;
  • frequent cleaning is necessary;
  • airtight;
  • average wear resistance.


Due to the processing of cellulose get artificial material with a light silkglitter - viscose. However, unlike silk, viscose carpets do not fade with time. They are pleasant to the touch, soft, hygienic, but to maintain an attractive look for many years require more careful care.

The advantages of viscose carpets:

  • affordable prices;
  • hypoallergenic;
  • variety of colors;
  • Do not fade;
  • breathable.


  • poor wear resistance;
  • afraid of moisture and coloring liquids;
  • may get a nap.


Natural material of vegetable origin. Does not cause allergies. Cotton fiber is often used as a base for carpets due to its strength and ability to keep its shape. Good hygienic properties, quickly dries when wet.

Advantages of cotton carpets:

  • wide selection of colors and patterns;
  • well pass air;
  • strong;
  • affordable;
  • easy to clean.


  • they are afraid of microorganisms and bacteria;
  • the color can burn on the sunny side;
  • easy to get dirty and crumpled.


Synthetic material obtained from propylene (an oil refinery product). Carpets made of polypropylene are widespread due to the speed of production, low cost,large selection of colors and ease of care. The carpet is moisture resistant, does not fade, it is resistant to dirt. Polypropylene carpets are divided according to the type of filaments from which they are made. BCF fiber carpets have the lowest quality. More durable carpets of threads "Heath Set" and "Frize", which resemble the appearance of wool.

Advantages of polypropylene carpets:

  • perfectly keep color during the entire service life;
  • do not cause allergies;
  • inexpensive price;
  • unpretentious care;
  • not afraid of dirt and stains.


  • easy to ignite;
  • very short lifespan on BCF fiber carpets.


Natural silk carpets are products that are gentle to the touch, in appearance with an overflow of color reflected from the surface. In the manufacture of silk carpets knitted to the silk thread, add a thread of bamboo or polyester, or wool.


  • strength;
  • hygroscopicity;
  • flickering beautiful shine;
  • inappropriate environment for viruses and bacteria;
  • easy to clean.


  • high price;
  • easily rumpled.


Wool carpets are soft and warm. However, they can cause allergies. They are subdivided according to the percentage of wool on half-woolen (wool of not less than 50%), woolen (contain more than 50% wool) and pure wool (composition - 100% wool).To protect against mold and moth fibers impregnated with special substances.

Pros of woolen carpets:

  • long service life;
  • easy to clean;
  • ideal for cold floors;
  • do not crumple;
  • hygienic (well absorb moisture and allow air).
  • when ignited they do not spread fire;
  • color does not fade.


  • high price;
  • may cause allergies;
  • carpet can spoil the mole;
  • restrained pastel colors.

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