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What is a political system?

Elena Shchugoreva
Elena Shchugoreva
February 28, 2013
What is a political system?

In ordinary life, a person rarely asks what a political system is. This need comes either in the lessons of political science, or when studying the history of the 19th, 20th and 21st centuries. It was at this time that in addition to social institutions, the need to create a political one appeared in human society.

System definition

So, the political system is a single structure, which includes various bodies: state, party, public, social. The combination of all these bodies, their joint action, a certain order of their unified work, determines the type of political system. Each system has its own authority, it is he who controls the political system. A change in one or another component of the system leads to a change in the political formation, political regime. Answering the question of what a political system is, they give the names of its types: democracy, theocracy, totalitarianism, authoritarianism.

Characteristics of the political system

The political system, like any other, consists of numerous parts. All these parts are formed into a single whole space. The political system has limits of its influence. Parts of the political system are individuals, social groups, organizations. In addition, all these parts of the political system are united by its common “superstructures” over society — economics, social institutions, social rules, ideology. The political system has supreme power, its decisions are binding on all members of society.

The structure of the political system

The structure of the political system consists of several subsystems. After analyzing them, it will become clearer what the political system of society is. The institutional subsystem consists of components: the state, trade unions, the media, the church, social movements, political parties. The regulatory subsystem contains laws, morality, ethics. The forms of politics, the ways and methods of manifestation and the exercise of power, the political regime - all this is included in the functional subsystem. The communication system has absorbed political culture,ideology, political psychology, political relations, political consciousness.

Functions of the political system

It defines the goals and objectives of the whole society in accordance with the interests of the citizens of the country. For this, the political system unites citizens and mobilizes all their forces to achieve this goal. It strengthens social ties, the unity of society, and also distributes values ​​between social groups and individuals. And it is the political system that deals with the settlement of various conflicts.


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