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What is tonsillitis?

Ksenia Vilinskaya
Ksenia Vilinskaya
February 3, 2015
What is tonsillitis?

Tonsillitis is associated with glands - palatine tonsils. The disease is expressed in the inflammation of the tonsils.

The gland is part of the lymphoid pharyngeal ring, which accounts for immune function. They are directly involved in protecting the upper respiratory tract from bacteria that can enter with inhaled air or come from food.

Prolonged or frequent inflammatory processes in the tonsils lead to the fact that the bacteria that fall on them are not neutralized. They accumulate, multiply; immunity falls - there is tonsillitis. Local hypothermia can also lead to tonsillitis.

Acute tonsillitis

What is it - acute tonsillitis? In another, the disease is called angina. Symptoms of acute tonsillitis:

  • redness of the throat;
  • pain when swallowing;
  • temperature increase;
  • general deterioration of health;
  • purulent inflammation of the tonsils.

Tonsils with tonsillitis are covered with pustules - locally or in a continuous layer.For the treatment of acute tonsillitis, you should definitely undergo a medical examination and be tested. As therapy prescribed antibacterial agents. Perhaps additional treatment of folk remedies (rinsing, inhalation, etc.).

Children under 1.5 years of age usually do not suffer from acute tonsillitis, since the lymphoid tissue of the tonsils is not yet fully formed. At the age of about 3 years, the tonsils begin to develop rapidly, and the probability of catching an infection increases significantly.

Chronic tonsillitis

Tonsillitis can provoke other infectious diseases - adenoiditis, sinusitis. The cause may be difficulty in nasal breathing - for example, due to the same sinusitis or polyps in the nose. Chronic tonsillitis is caused by a general decrease in immunity. This happens, for example, with illiterate treatment with antibiotics or attempts to bring the temperature down, not exceeding 37.5.

What happens with chronic tonsillitis? The affected lymphoid tissue of the tonsils is replaced by connective, purulent plugs appear. Palatine tonsils may increase in size - but this does not always happen.

To identify chronic tonsillitis can be a few symptoms:

  • a slight increase in temperature - up to 37 - 37.5 degrees. Hyperemia may not subside for weeks;
  • the appearance of cheesy white purulent plugs in the gaps of the tonsils. Lacunas - channels inside the tonsils;
  • frequent acute tonsillitis (more than 2 times a year).

When tonsillitis is reduced immunity, which is fraught with the spread of bacteria and, as a consequence, other diseases - heart, kidney, back, etc. Because the treatment is not worth it.

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