What makes our palms sweat?
All of us at least once in our lives have discovered such a symptom as sweating of the palms and feet. Why do our palms sweat? And what to do with it?
Sweating is a normal physiological process. Together with sweat, the body gets rid of excess moisture, as well as toxins and some other substances. Different parts of the body can sweat, but armpits, feet, and palms are most affected.
Increased sweating, which in medical practice is referred to as hyperhidrosis, is not the norm and can signal some disturbances in the functioning of certain body systems or diseases.
Why is this happening?
So why do palms and feet sweat? Here are some possible reasons:
- Stress and nerve overload. During stress, the body begins to produce adrenaline, which causes a number of symptoms, which include increased perspiration. So if your palms sweat after performing in public or another event, there is nothing unusual about that.
- Increased body temperature.When the temperature rises, as a rule, the fluid in the body begins to evaporate. And moisture can evaporate through the palms and feet.
- If you are hot, then you too will inevitably sweat.
- Disorders of the endocrine system. Such a system has the most direct effect on metabolic processes and the entire work of the body as a whole. And since sweating is part of the exchange, it can increase with some problems. For example, this is often the case with diseases of the thyroid gland.
- The child's excessive sweating of hands and feet can be the cause of rickets - a disease associated with a lack of calcium and manifested in the form of brittle bones. With such a disease, there will be other symptoms: curvature of the legs, irritability, increased abdominal volume and so on.
- Hormonal disorders. Often, hyperhidrosis occurs during menopause, menopause, or when there is a shortage or excess of certain hormones.
- A lack or excess of certain vitamins, trace elements and minerals can cause excessive sweating.
- With diabetes, hyperhidrosis can also be observed.By the way, such a symptom can occur not only with an increased level of sugar in the blood, but also with its decrease.
- Violations of thermoregulation processes. In this case, the body can not independently control and regulate body temperature, which can cause sweat in large quantities. This problem is most common in children.
- Hyperhidrosis, oddly enough, can be a signal of the presence in the body of parasites, in particular worms. In this case, the body will try to get rid of the products of vital activity of pathogenic microorganisms through the release of sweat in large quantities.
- Increased sweating can be a feature of the body and transmitted by inheritance.
- With tuberculosis, the feet and palms can also sweat.
- Problems in the somatic nervous system. Such a system consists of nerve fibers responsible for sensations and movements. It also affects the functioning of the musculoskeletal system and skin.
- Disorders of the autonomic nervous system can also cause hyperhidrosis. Such a system regulates the most important processes and functions and can affect sweating.
- The kidneys excrete liquid, and if they do not handle this function normally, then excess moisture can partially come out through the skin in the form of sweat.
- Excess sweat can occur occasionally with increased intracranial pressure.
- Sweating is often observed in this condition, as vegetative-vascular dystonia. In this case, there may be spasms of the vessels and a violation of many important processes, including thermoregulation and sweating.
What to do?
If your hands and feet sweat strongly and almost constantly, and it does not depend on your condition, then you should contact a specialist to find out the exact cause of hyperhidrosis and help to eliminate it. In general, treatment can be carried out in several ways. Let us dwell on some areas of therapy.
Only a doctor after an examination can prescribe them. There are some means for ingestion, which can have a direct impact on the process of sweating. Such preparations include, for example, "Oksibutin", "Benzotropin" and some beta-blockers.
But to start taking these drugs yourself without the knowledge of the doctor is harmful and even dangerous!
There are also tools for topical external use: creams, ointments, gels, powders, sprays, and so on. The composition of these drugs may include such active substances as tannin, formalin, glutaraldehyde, aluminum hexachloride and others.
Today, clinics offer several procedures to reduce sweating or get rid of it altogether:
- Botox injections. This method allows you to block the activity of the nerves responsible for the supply of fluid to the sweat glands. In most cases, the procedure is painless and very effective, but to prolong it, it must be repeated every six months or a year.
- Injections of botulism toxins. This method appeared relatively recently, when it was proved that weak toxins of botulism pathogens can block the work of nerve endings that regulate the activity of sweat glands. Sweating is noticeably reduced, but the effect lasts only 2-4 months.
- Iontophoresis. This procedure involves the impact on the channels of the sweat glands current. The patient immerses the limb in the water, through which weak current discharges flow.Total requires 10-15 sessions, and the effect will last about six months.
- Laser exposure is also used, with the help of which special optical fibers are injected under the skin, damaging the walls of sweat glands and blocking their work.
The operation is an extreme method. It is assigned if other methods have been ineffective. This method is called sympathectomy, it implies the removal of nerve endings, responsible for the work of sweat glands. The removal is performed either through incisions or through punctures (with laparoscopic sympathectomy). The operation is simple, recovery is fast, and efficiency reaches 99%.
There are some effective folk remedies:
- A solution of ammonia. Take a liter of water, dissolve one or two tablespoons of ammonia in it, and wipe your hands with this composition several times a day.
- Help the broths of herbs: nettle, chamomile, oak bark, sage and so on.
- Try a vinegar solution. In a glass of water, take a teaspoon of vinegar, mix everything. Wipe problem areas with liquid in the morning and evening.
Tips to help avoid excessive sweating, or at least reduce it:
- Do not abuse hot drinks and dishes.
- Avoid spicy foods.
- Regularly visit the sauna or bath, it will remove excess toxins and waste from the body.
- Control your weight.
- Visit your doctor regularly and get tested.
Health to you!
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